1 edition of Structural Adjustment of Agriculture in Asia and Pacific found in the catalog.
Structural Adjustment of Agriculture in Asia and Pacific
February 1994 by Unipub .
Written in English
|The Physical Object|
Going forward, a key agenda item for the Indonesian government will be to improve self-sufficiency in rice, corn, sugar and beef. Non-recognition of the value of traditional knowledge. This report discusses the recent economic developments and shocks that PNG has confronted. Given a growing population and increasing demand for cereals for both food and feed, sustained increases in yields are required in Asia. The government has kept a growth target of
Within this macroeconomic framework, further progress toward industrialization and revitalization of agriculture can take place. The focus then shifts to the future, looking ahead to growth prospects over the medium term with emphasis upon the macroeconomic policy framework, including an assessment of the country's external financing requirements. Trade liberalization allowed low-priced subsidized EU beef to enter and drive many West African and South African cattle raisers to ruin. Thailand has strong production in rice, sugar, cassava, rubber and seafood. A difficult adjustment of the economy is indicated by the sizable gap between savings and investment.
This report discusses the recent economic developments and shocks that PNG has confronted. At USD 26 billion, agriculture constitutes about 8. At the same time, conflicting demands in land usage and water pollution act as constraints. This places agricultural investment solidly as a crucial but integral component of an overall policy to promote agricultural productivity. In addition, emergent structural problems in the economy have a bearing on present as well as expected further performance. A self-sufficiency policy aims to have all food consumed domestically produced and controls trade as a mechanism to achieve this goal.
Spiritual trails to happiness
Criteria for evaluation of educational programs in nurse-midwifery
Penguin atlas of ancient history.
Whole wide world
Silas Kirkendowns sons
pests of protected cultivation
Images of thought
A-Z of Tractors and Machinery
Underground water has been heavily relied on, which has resulted in a severe decline in water levels while the efficiency of irrigation is also low. Inadequate Structural Adjustment of Agriculture in Asia and Pacific book and disaggregated data, as well as data gaps with regard to rural women, which results Structural Adjustment of Agriculture in Asia and Pacific book overlooking gender issues for macro national and regional and micro intra-household, farm, community, etc.
To remain globally competitive, over recent decades Australian agriculture has had to embrace deregulation and the need to consolidate production and adopt greater scale economies. Grouped under the six headings in note form, these are summarized below: The Economic Issues 1.
Maintaining this commitment is essential, especially in light of the growing pressure on resources and the population and economic transformations taking place across Asia and the Pacific. This presents an interesting dichotomy in that whilst overall cereal consumption growth in Asia will mirror steady growth in population, the branded cereals category may continue to see robust growth for several years.
State intervention included providing the infrastructure required by the respective industry, the protection of these local industries against foreign competition, the overvaluation of the local currency, the nationalization of key industries and a low cost of living for workers in urban areas.
The long term prospects for the sector continue to drive investment. Whilst enhancing yield rates via conventional options such as hybrid seeds, integrated pest management programmes or better farming practices remain the primary drivers in this regard, other interventions like mechanisation adapted for small holding sizes, efficient water management systems and data management could increasingly find a place in Asian farms.
However, factors such as changes in cropping patterns and diminishing returns on modern seed varieties have led to a stagnation of production growth in the last two decades. Food security and sustainable development need to be accorded priority. However, foreign capital could not be freely invested yet because most of these countries protected their nascent industries against it.
After steps taken under the direction of the Indonesian government to cut breeder supply, the market is reaching a more balanced state. Policies must seek to dismantle all barriers to full participation by rural women, especially poor women farmers, from household to national levels.
This includes theoretical and methodological developments, such as incorporating natural resource depletion. Her paper begins on page Policy reform should be aimed not only at short term stabilization, but also toward the emerging structural development which span agriculture, manufacturing, trade, labor markets, and public finance.
Farming improvements that followed substantially improved rural living conditions and also impacted food consumption patterns. Those of particular concern in relation to gender in agricultural and rural development included questions of agricultural growth - particularly as it affects household food security and poorer people - and linkages between growth, productivity, equity, ecological impact, population and social transformation.
Yields are expected to decline in tropical regions such as South and Southeast Asia through at least Secondly, farmers are diversifying out of cereal production into high value and high yielding varieties of crops.
It also underlines, through the concerns expressed by many authors about data scarcity and limitations, that neglect of information needs hampers the forward-looking assessment of sustainability of agricultural and rural development.
But this may take time, and such adjustments are not without cost.Get this from a library!
Structural Adjustment of Agriculture in Asia and Pacific book Structural adjustments in agriculture in Asia. [Asian Productivity Organization.;] -- Includes country studies of Bangladesh, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Iran, Korea, Malaysia, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka.
# structural adjustment schema: # Agriculture and state--Pacific Area schema. Adjustment within agriculture While the sector overall appears to have undergone significant structural adjustment, farm sizes in Southeast Asia remain relatively small, and may remain so over the medium term (FAO, ).
Data on farm size and its distribution are sparse. For those countries for. The Regional Expert Consultation on Gender Issues in Agricultural and Rural Development Policy in Asia and the Pacific was held in the FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (RAPA), from 1 to 5 November, It was attended by 12 participants from 11 .Structural adjustment (Economic policy) -- Africa.
Structural pdf (Economic policy) -- Asia. Structural adjustment and agriculture: African and Asian experiences / by S. Subramanian, E. Sadoulet, and A. de Janvry.Jun 03, · Whether in Latin America, Asia, or Download pdf, the story has been the same: the destabilization of peasant producers by a one-two punch of IMF-World Bank structural adjustment programs that gutted government investment in the countryside followed by the massive influx of subsidized U.S.
and European Union agricultural imports after the WTO’s.The conventional structural-adjustment approach ebook the s assumed that a certain degree of inequality would boost economic performance and thus drive growth.
While giving partial evidence of individual incentives, the aforementioned study shows that great inequality actually inhibits growth.